This systematic review looked at the methods athletes used to prevent injury or re-injury, and their effectiveness.
The training methods included stretching, strength training, proprioceptive training and a mix of each.
Across the literature, strength training was proven to be the most effective in reducing the risk of injury, with proprioceptive training and mixed modalities also being reasonably effective. Interestingly, stretching for prevention of injury was proven to have only a 4% effectiveness.
This study proves that strength training is key in injury prevention. Strength beats stretch any day!
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Increasing evidence exists, for all age groups, that physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of some of the most sizable conditions of our time, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, osteoporosis, and depression. Although overall population levels of physical activity is a general concern, increasing levels of leisure time physical activity and sports participation have been reported in some population groups. Injuries are virtually the sole drawback of exercise, but may be a common consequence of physical activity and have been shown to pose substantial problems.