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Lumbar Disc Bulge - Fact Sheet

What is a Lumbar Disc Bulge ?

The spine is made up of linked segments of bone called vertebrae. In between each vertebra is a ‘spongy’ disc that acts as a cushion for your spine, as well as allowing movement here so that you can move around. There are also ligaments that hold the spine together and offer stability. Muscles around the spine produce movement. A disc bulge occurs when there is a small tear in the outer layer of the disc, resulting in pain and inflammation.

Exercise for treatment

What is discogenic pain?

This means that the pain is coming from an intervertebral disc in your lower back. The disc may become injured as a result of a single or repetitive trauma. Your disc contains a sac of fluid-like substance that can be pushed backwards within the disc. If this happens for a prolonged period of time, for example with sitting in a slouched position, pain can occur. Pain originating from the discs is considered to be the most common cause of chronic lower back pain.

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